In this article, I wish to address another article, (1)(6) that I found on the internet about the canonical ruling of the Roman Catholic church, and their inane beliefs about regular Freemasonry. I will tear into each accusation and show it to be the blatant lie that it is. As you can see, I am not one to sugarcoat my words on a subject, (like apologists with political correctness), so that they will sound saccharine sweet to the reader. Here, I state cold, hard, fact.
First, one must remember that the Roman Catholic church accused Freemasonry of worshiping lucifer, for twelve long years, during the Taxil Hoax of the 1890’s. Now though, they have changed gear in the 1980’s, to make the claim that Freemasonry is Deistic, and they contradict themselves within their own spiel. This untruthful bundle of claims was given by Rev. Mark J. Gantley, JCL, (Juris Canonici Licentia – Licentiate of Canon Law, (a church canon lawyer, and as laughable as that is, they do have them), on March 19th, 2006. He quotes from “the German, in an article by Ronny E. Jenkins, in the canon law journal The Jurist, 1996“, (1)(6) which are in the block quotes below.
1. The Masonic World View. The Masons promote a freedom from dogmatic adherence to any one set of revealed truths. Such a subjective relativism is in direct conflict with the revealed truths of Christianity. [sic]
Freemasonry does not promote none of the such, as every regular Freemason has their own dogma about their own religion. Freemasonry is a secular fraternity which does not mention, nor discuss, the differing religious beliefs of its membership. The talk of religion and politics are banned in a Lodge of regular Freemasonry, (2) and have been since it fraternal founding in 1717. It is even stated within the Masonic Constitution! What Freemasonry does not do, (which the Roman Catholics do), is to teach prejudice, bigotry, and hatred of all religions other than their own. Evidently, the Roman Catholic church is afraid that a Catholic member might learn some hidden truth about a lie, which was concocted by their own church, by associating with those of other numerous religions. Regular Freemasonry is most certainly religion tolerant, as any good man, of good repute and moral character, and of any religion, who believes in the one God, the creator of the universe, can be a member. Similar principles are also held within most any other fraternal organization, except the Knights of Columbus. I, myself, find it quite unexplainable why the Roman Catholic church does not single out the other similar fraternities? I also find it quite odd, that the Roman Catholic church claims that regular and irregular Freemasonry are the same thing, and that they teach the same moral lessons. They do not.
2. The Masonic Notion of Truth. The Masons deny the possibility of an objective truth, placing every truth instead in a relative context. [sic]
That is an outright lie, as Freemasonry mentions that nowhere. If any member wrote about it, then it would be their personal belief and not that of the fraternity, nor of its other members who number in the millions. As a matter of fact, and as an example, if you are caught lying on your Masonic petition, you will most certainly be expelled from the fraternity, which, it seems to me, proves that Freemasonry has a clear definition between a lie and the truth. There is nothing “relative” about it. It is the same with any other Masonic law that may be broken, which is written in the Constitution of Freemasonry. (2) What this boils down to are the members who see the Pope as fallible, even though he claims to be infallible within his edicts and bulls. The only ones who are truly infallible are God and Jesus the Nazarite, not any man. Since many of the bulls have been proven to be incorrect over the years, then it is the church that is being relative to the time. What is relative, is that the Roman Catholic church scribes have made many statements within the New Testament, which do not pass muster when compared to the Old Testament, and what mainstream Rabbinical Judaism, that which sprang from the Pharisees, state as being incorrect. Rabbinical Judaism does not believe in a devil nor fallen angel, nor an anti-God named Satan, for instance, as only the Essenes had begun to believe that Zoroastrian and Hellenistic myth. The Catholics go on to to claim that New Testament scripture is speaking about a devil or anti-God, named Satan, who creates all sin and evil, when the scripture is clearly speaking about an “adversary” or “stumbling block” which was in mention at the time in the text. Peter was called a satan (Hebrew word for an adversary), and a “stumbling block,” at Matthew 16:22-23. Several cities and their population were called a satan, (especially the people and the city of Capernaum), in Luke 10:15-18. Peter was no devil named Satan, nor were the citizens of Capernaum, (though some of the people were called devils, which means one who is “diabolical”), nor was the city itself. They were an adversary to Jesus and the apostles ministering at the time, and in those cities and peoples case, Jesus was going to cast them to hell like a lightning bolt, (since he had already foreseen it). This Hellenist ideology originates from Zeus casting down Typhon into Hades.
Papal infallibility is a dogma of the Catholic Church that states that, in virtue of the promise of Jesus to Peter, the Pope is preserved from the possibility of error “When, in the exercise of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, he defines a doctrine concerning faith or morals to be held by the whole Church. [sic]
A proposition is considered objectively true (to have objective truth) when the truth conditions are met without biases, caused by feelings, ideas, opinions, etc, of a person or persons. We can say that with science after an experiment, which has the revelation of all evidence displayed, and much study. However, the Catholic church wants one to believe that anything they say, especially the “infallible” Pope, is objectively true, and not relative or false. Again, many of those bulls have been disproved, as well as church doctrine. Also, there is a slight mater of James being called the Bishop of Bishops at Jerusalem, not Peter. The Gospel of Thomas states that it was James who Jesus left his church to. Whether they claim that the Gospel is gnostic, and thus heretical, is beside the point, as doubt was cast. Didn’t you ever wonder why they did not include this Gospel as cannon, even though many in clergy wanted it included? However, they included 1st and 2nd Enoch, even though the Jews have always stated that it is pure fiction, and was written by several unknown authors. The church even put the two books in the apocrypha, but use this fiction to shore up the myth of a Hellenistic mythical fallen angel!
As an example of the churches objectivity, they want everyone to believe in the Hellenistic Satan, a devil, or an anti-God of the underworld, who runs a purgatory (Tartarus), where souls are held to be punished before they are released to go on. However, Jesus the Nazarite was not taught this as a Pharisee, nor was it anywhere in mainstream Judaism, especially within pre-Roman Judaic cannon. What the church is asking the laity to believe in, is the Greek pagan and pantheist God, Hades (Pluto), (7)(8) who supposedly controls the underworld, which was not known of in the pre-Roman Levant nor Mesopotamia. That Greco-Roman myth was brought to the early Christians and Jews of those lands, by the invading Roman army, along with the anti-God of Persian Zoroastrianism, and the Roman Catholic church made it a part of their new religion, not the Jews, after the second Temple fell. Now, is it objective, to ask everyone to believe in a Hellenistic Greco-Roman pagan myth, from their Greek pantheon of Gods? Does the church clergy reveal this truth to the laity? Does the church reveal that they are asking them to believe in paganism, pantheism, (8) dualism, and to blaspheme against the word of God in Isaiah 45:5-8? Are they claiming that Jesus dying on the cross negates what God said in Isaiah? Is it an objective truth to preach that an angel was named Satan, in Job, when that was not the angel’s name, but was its temporary occupation, the adversary (ha-satan), which was always under God’s command? Does the church reveal that they had sold indulgences to the rich, claiming that the indulgence gave the rich person a free pass through this mythical purgatory? There are numerous other examples one could use, but I will leave the reader with these few. Funnily enough, the church also teaches that it is a sin to lie by omission.
3. The Masonic Notion of Religion. Again, the Masonic teaching holds a relative notion of religions as all concurrently seeking the truth of the Absolute. [sic]
The bigotry of the Catholic religion raises its ugly head, here, again. A regular Freemason’s religion is private to him, and the talk of religion is banned in the Lodge. The Roman Catholic church claims that they are the only way to Heaven, and that no other religion can save you, including the Protestant church, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and many others. Ask yourself a hard question, why? Freemasonry has no notion of religion or a religious dogma, nor does it teach one. What the Roman Catholic church is speaking of, is their utter dislike of allowing men of differing religions to congregate in the same fraternity. They seem to think of other religions as some disease, which one might catch, if they get close to another man of a differing religion. The Roman Catholic churches blatant bigotry really shines brightly here. See at the bottom of this page: “Pertinent biblical scripture, about God not being partial to one religion”. Who is really the sinner, here? You tell me!
4. The Masonic Notion of God. The Masons hold a deistic notion of God which excludes any personal knowledge of the deity. [sic]
That statement is an outright barefaced lie. I also find it funny, that from April 1885 to April 1897, the Roman Catholic church, from the Pope to the laity, accused Freemasonry of worshiping lucifer. Now, which is it? Do we worship lucifer, or do we worship God in a deistic way? During each time, the Pope has based his belief on nothing but pure speculation, rumor, and, in a lying pornographer, anti-cleric, and hoaxer. Since the Pope claimed that he was infallible, then what he stated about all of this was supposedly the truth, all fact, whether it was a lie or not. I guess that they never figured out that the Pope, in fact, lied. The Roman Catholic church even admits to it within the last paragraph under the article on “impostor”, in the Catholic Encyclopedia. (3)
It is needless to say that regular Freemasons do not worship in Lodge, and never have. Freemasons worship how they wish to worship, at the the church of their choice, on the Sabbath. Freemasonry has never taught who God is, except to say that God, or the Great Architect of the Universe, created the universe and all things within it, and a member must believe in the singular Godhead. A members religion, though, is private to him, and it has been ever since the writing of the Constitution of Freemasonry (Anderson’s 1723 Constitution). (2)
Deism, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica:
Deism refers to what can be called natural religion, the acceptance of a certain body of religious knowledge that is inborn in every person or that can be acquired by the use of reason and the rejection of religious knowledge when it is acquired through either revelation or the teaching of any church. [sic]
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the word Deism was used by some theologians in contradistinction to theism, the belief in an immanent God who actively intervenes in the affairs of men. In this sense, Deism was represented as the view of those who reduced the role of God to a mere act of creation in accordance with rational laws discoverable by man and held that, after the original act, God virtually withdrew and refrained from interfering in the processes of nature and the ways of man. [sic]
A movement or system of thought advocating natural religion, emphasizing morality, and in the 18th century denying the interference of the Creator with the laws of the universe. [sic]
Deism also states that “the natural religion/philosophy of Deism, frees those who embrace it, from the inconsistencies of superstition, and the negativity of fear, that are so strongly represented in all of the “revealed” religions, such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam.“ That “superstition” would be God answering a prayer, a regular Freemason Lodge’s prayer being given, or a Freemason being afraid to break an oath that he made to God, over it being a sin. Funny that, when regular Freemasons swear an oath to God to not reveal the secrets of the fraternity, (which are the modes of recognition). An oath would not be any good if the person swearing the oath was a Deist, nor would a deistic fraternity have an oath! Also, regular Freemasonry would not have an opening prayer, just as do most all the other fraternities, trade unions, and even government congresses or parliaments, if it were deistic. That would be “superstitious” would it not? Asking God to bless us by a prayer? On top of that, why would regular Freemasonry have allegories that were based on the biblical scripture of Judaism and Christianity within it, if they were deistic? Freemasonry would not, if that were the case! It seems this cannon lawyer can’t keep his accusations straight! One must also believe in Jesus Christ and the Holy Trinity, in order to advance through the higher degrees (17 to 33), within both the regular Scottish and York Rites. The 26th degree, a Trinitarian degree, even requires one to be baptized and receive the Eucharist, in the Christian church of your choice, to be perfect. If regular Freemasonry or either Rite are deistic, then those degrees would not be there! It seems that the truth is not in these Roman Catholic church apologists, nor do they have very well read or learned cannon lawyers.
5. The Masonic Notion of God and Revelation. The deistic notion of God precludes the possibility of God’s self-revelation to humankind. [sic]
Again, another lie about deism that regular Freemasonry has never taught. They almost quote the deists dogma verbatim here, but lie about the rest. Read my explanation, above, for proof of this. Also, you will read below, where they contradict themselves again, over their own deism claims, within the following text of their other inane proclamation spiel. Look for it!
6. Masonic Toleration. The Masons promote a principle of toleration regarding ideas. That is, their relativism teaches them to be tolerant of ideas divergent or contrary to their own. Such a principle not only threatens the Catholic position of objective truth, but it also threatens the respect due to the Church’s teaching office. [sic]
Here we go with that ugly beast of bigotry and prejudice again, spewing their hatred against differing religions, which the Catholics love to teach and preach, (along with some Protestant churches, sadly). I find it very sad, and it concerns me greatly, that this belief is still touted by the Catholics or any other religion. It does put them under the vile light that they should be placed under over it. I, myself, am a Christian, but I have never held a pure spiteful hatred or prejudice, for anyone, due to what religion they believe in. I am above that, and I live by Peters own words in Acts 10:28 and 10:34-35. God does not produce bigots in the womb; it is taught to the child by their parents and the church. It also goes against the original teachings of Jesus, especially when this is peddled in and by the church. Maybe, they should read and remember Proverbs 6:16-19, and 24:23, along with Acts 10:28 and 10:34-35. Also, see the end of this article for the entire list of biblical scripture that applies. Many churches are quite hypocritical, I’d say, and are going against scripture. This is why I joined regular Freemasonry all those years ago, where I learned to not be a bigot full of hate.
7. The Masonic Rituals. The rituals of the first three Masonic grades have a clear sacramental character about them, indicating that an actual transformation of some sort is undergone by those who participate in them. [sic]
Here is another bare-faced lie, which they have spread since not long after the fraternities founding. The Pope admits in the papal bull, the In eminenti apostolatus, of 1738, (4) that everything is based on rumor and speculation, and is without one ounce of fact. There is no “transformation”, except that one learns a moral lesson per each degree, and that being “raised” means that a Freemason’s living soul (the conscience) is raised to a better place, over having greater morals. One is not transformed, but educated in morality. Regular Freemasonry is all about morality. Also, they claim that the ritual allegories are of a “sacramental character“. How can that be, if Freemasonry is Deistic? I told you they contradict themselves, didn’t I? These three allegorical moral lessons should be taught by the church, but they’re not in many places. I wonder why? Below is the pertinent scripture that regular Freemasonry has within the allegories, which is what we live by:
2 Peter 1:5-7
5) And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; 6) And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; 7) And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.
About regular Freemasonry being said to be religious or a religion, Freemasonry has:
- No specific Holy Book or Bible.
- No form of doctrine, nor does Freemasonry minister it.
- No sacraments or baptism.
- No ordained clergy.
- No set definition or name of a Deity. Regular Freemasonry uses a generic Christian title, the Great Architect Of The Universe, to satisfy all. (See John Calvin)
- No dogma, no creed; there is no ideological doctrine.
- No means to salvation.
- The fraternity is religion tolerant, and secular.
Now, let’s continue with section 8 of their inane spiel:
8. The Perfection of Humankind. The Masonic rituals have as an end the perfection of mankind. But Masonry provides all that is necessary to achieve this perfection. Thus, the justification of a person through the work of Christ is not an essential or even necessary aspect of the struggle for perfection. [sic]
No, it is not the perfection of mankind, but those who are worthy of perfection in God’s eyes. Those whom have morals! Regular Freemasonry does not provide everything, nor has it ever claimed that it does. (See above, about what Freemasonry lacks, which is religion). What it does do, is teach good men to be better, but mainly, it teaches one to not to be a prejudiced bigot, which the Catholic church can’t swallow. Also, notice that their last sentence slips that wisp of bigotry about other religions in again.
9. The Spirituality of the Masons. The Masonic Order makes a total claim on the life of the member. True adherence to the Christian faith is thereby jeopardized by the primary loyalty due the Masonic Order. [sic]
This is one of the biggest lies that they’ve ever told. Regular Freemasonry does not take a “total claim on the life of the member”, as the member can go to any meeting he wishes, when he wants, or not go at all. Every Freemason that I know attends Lodge on a Friday evening, if and when they want, and they go to their church of choice on the Sabbath. Again, the truth is not in these Roman Catholic church apologists, by what is evidenced within their: “Pastoral Research and Practices Committee Report of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, “Masonry and Naturalistic Religion,” issued in 1985, and from the conference that the “bishops of Germany gave in 1980”. (1) My thoughts on the subject are this: One; that they’re afraid of what a Catholic might learn; a truth that the church wishes to keep concealed. Two; that he may turn away from prejudice and bigotry, and three; that the church wants their hands on the money that they see Freemasonry receiving from its dues and donations, which go to helping the elderly, sick, and the poor. Remember 2 Peter 1:5-7 from above?
10. The Diverse Divisions within the Masons. The Masons are comprised of lodges with varying degrees of adherence to Christian teaching. Atheistic lodges are clearly incompatible with Catholicism. But even those lodges comprised of Christian members seek merely to adapt Christianity to the overall Masonic world-view. This is unacceptable. [sic]
The Lodges under the Grand Orient de France, and the GOdF itself, became irregular and clandestine in 1877, after they allowed the first atheist membership, where the United Grand Lodge of England, then, pulled their warrant to operate. The Lodges of regular Freemasonry have no association with the GOdF, nor does any of the regular membership, (whom are those in amity with the United Grand Lodge of England, the Premiere and Mother Grand Lodge), as the members are banned from attending a meeting of any irregular Lodge upon the penalty of suspension or expulsion. Also, the Catholics contradict themselves here. Remember, that I stated above to look for this. How can one be a Christian and be deistic at the same time? Again, the truth is not in the Roman Catholic churches apologists.
11. The Masons and the Catholic Church. Even those Catholic-friendly lodges that would welcome the Church’s members as its own[,] are not compatible with Catholic teaching, and so [are] closed to Catholic members. [sic]
Really? The only possible reason why, is that of the Roman Catholics belief in being bigoted toward other religions, whom have members in those Lodges, and again, they contradict themselves, as one can’t be deistic and be Christian at the same time! I even had to correct their errant text, much less what they wrote about!
12. The Masons and the Protestant Church. While a 1973 meeting of Protestant Churches determined that individual Protestants could decide whether to be members of both the Christian Church and the Freemasons, it included in its decision the caveat that those Christians must always take care not to lessen the necessity of grace in the justification of the person.” [sic]
The 1973 meeting of Protestant Churches, eh? That was the meeting that produced the Leuenberg Agreement or Leuenberg Concord, which is an ecumenical document adopted in 1973, by the major European Lutheran and Reformed churches, at the Swiss conference center, Leuenberg, (near Basle). That is not the totality of the Protestant churches around the world! God does not like deceivers and lairs; it is a sin! I have found no other source for any other 1973 meeting, but did find the meeting of the Southern Baptist Convention which was held in 1985, and their 135th convention in 1992. Their 1992 convention stated that their members were to: “maintain personal purity in all activities, associations, or memberships; avoiding any association which conflicts with clear biblical teaching”, etc. The SBC issued a report, titled: A Study of Freemasonry, (5) where they concluded that most everything that the fraternity has been accused of, including the accusations made by the Roman Catholic church, along with some of their own Baptist pastors and other clergy, was a lie, and they suggested things that Freemasonry might do to make it more religious friendly to the Baptist religion. Below is part of the recommendation of the Southern Baptist Convention:
It was not found that Freemasonry was anti-Christian or satanic, nor does it oppose the Christian church. While a few Masonic writers glorify non-Christian philosophy and religions, they are clearly a minor voice. Every organization, including the Christian church, has some individuals who espouse positions not held by the vast majority of the members. Organizations must be judged by the positions of the majority, not those of a small minority. [sic]
The Home Mission Board Interfaith Witness Department staff agree with Charleston Southern Baptists, who, in 1798, advised that the matter of Southern Baptist membership in Freemasonry “be left with the judgement of the individual”. They agree with George W. Truett who said, “The right to private judgement is the crown jewel of humanity, and for any person or institution to dare come between the soul and God is blasphemous, impertinence, and defamation of the crown-rights of the Son of God. [sic]
That study was pretty damning about the charlatans and liars, wasn’t it? Now, I continue with the conclusion of the article in question, and the words of our cannon lawyer:
I am not an expert on Masonry but only on canon law. If someone is involved in Masonry here in the U.S., I think that person should carefully consider these doctrinal concerns of the German bishops, and of course a Catholic should consider the statements I quoted above and defer to the judgment of his local bishop in case of any doubt. [sic]
Above, he states: “I am not an expert on Masonry“, but he feels up to telling the world about what the Roman Catholic church claims are truthful facts, though they are errant at best or lies at worst, but has no idea about what is actually practiced in Freemasonry, nor what the differences are between the regular and irregular/fake Lodges. Maybe, he and the other Catholics should take a good look at themselves within a mirror, and read Proverbs 6:16-19 and 24:23, along with Acts 10:28 and 10:34-35, then try to live by it. Personally, I would not want to live my life by being colored as a prejudiced hateful bigot, and not being looked upon favorably by Jesus and God All Mighty.
Below, is pertinent biblical scripture about God not being partial to any one religion, what the Lord hates, and about those who accuse, judge, and condemn others:
28) And he [Peter] said to them, “You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a man, who is a Jew, to associate with a foreigner, or to visit him; and yet God has shown me that I should not call any man unholy or unclean.
34) Opening his mouth, Peter said: “I most certainly understand, now, that God is not one to show partiality, 35) but in every nation, the man who fears Him, and does what is right, is welcome to Him.
9) But if you show partiality, you are committing sin, and are convicted by the law as transgressors.
22) Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s sake.
26) For if we sin wilfully, after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins.
23) These also are sayings of the wise. To show partiality in judgment is not good.
12) For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call on Him; 13) for “WHOEVER WILL CALL ON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED.”
28) There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
11) a renewal in which there is no distinction between Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave and freeman, but Christ is all, and in all.
1 John 2:11
11) But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes.
Things the Catholic church should heed about itself:
Proverbs 6:16-19, King James Version (KJV)
16) These six things doth the Lord hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him:
17) A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,
18) An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief,
19) A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.
About judging others:
37) Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven: 38) Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again. 39) And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? 40) The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master. 41) And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 42) Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye.
Freemasons are blessed by their critics:
22) Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s [Jesus’] sake.
So Mote It Be
- EWTN Catholic Q&A, See Here for source.
- Anderson’s Constitution of Freemasonry, at The Grand Lodge of British Columbia Yukon. Here, I quote the pertinent text of the ban on the discussion of religion and politics: “Therefore no private Piques or Quarrels must be brought within the Door of the Lodge, far less any Quarrels about Religion, or Nations, or State Policy, we being only, as Masons, of the Catholick Religion above-mention’d ; we are also of all Nations, Tongues, Kindreds, and Languages, and are resolv’d against all Politics, as what never yet conduc’d to the Welfare of the Lodge, nor ever will”. [sic] Also, notice, that it mentions that Freemasonry was part of the Catholic religion, at the time of its founding, which completely flies in the face of deism.
- Catholic Encyclopedia on Impostor, see the last paragraph.
- The Papal Bull of 1738, In eminenti apostolatus.
- A Study of Freemasonry, by the Interfaith Witness Dept, Home Mission Board, Southern Baptist Convention.
- The Catholic church and Freemasonry, at the Freemason Information website here.
- Hades at Greek Mythology:”The Greeks were not keen on uttering his name, afraid of causing some kind of reaction that would end up with them dead sooner. Instead, they decided to give him another name, Plouton, deriving from the Greek word for wealth, due to the precious metals mined from the earth. Thus, Hades also became the god of wealth. [sic]”Although an Olympian, Hades preferred the Underworld and rarely left his kingdom. His weapon was a pitchfork, which he used to create earthquakes, similar to the way Poseidon used his trident. He also had a helmet of invisibility, which he had received as a gift from the Cyclopes, in order to use it during the clash of the Titans. He was married to Persephone, daughter of Demeter, whom Hades abducted and carried down to the Underworld. [sic]”Hades Is also called Pluto, Dis Pater, Orcus, Plouton”. The Greek God, Hades, was renamed Satan, by the Roman Catholics, and they renamed the Sheol as Hades. The belief in after-life’s temporary punishments, agreeable to every one’s behavior and manners, was expressed in the early Christian work, in Greek, known as, Josephus’ Discourse to the Greeks concerning Hades, which was once attributed to the Hellenist, Josephus, (37 AD – 100 AD), but is now believed to be by the Hellenist, Hippolytus of Rome, (170 AD –235 AD), who was a “theologian” in the Christian Church in Rome.
- Pantheists do not believe in a distinct personal or anthropomorphic god. The term is used for the Greek pantheon, where they believed in a multitude of Gods, such as Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus.