Who is the Devil ?

The Devil is not a who (a noun) but an adjective. It comes from the Greek word διάβολος or diábolos, which literally means diabolic, diabolical, deceiver, liar, or slanderer. It could be any man or being. It is not the name or title of an anti-God nor fallen angel. Below are a few examples of its usage incorrectly and correctly in scripture.

From Merriam Webster:

Devil: Middle English devel, from Old English dēofol, from Late Latin diabolus, from Greek diabolos, literally, slanderer, from diaballein to throw across, slander, from dia- + ballein to throw; probably akin to Sanskrit gurate he lifts up

Diabolical: Like the word devil, “diabolical” traces back to Latin diabolus, which itself descends from Greek diabolos, a word that literally means “slanderer.”

Revelation (Apocalypse) 20:10: “and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” _Incorrect

Revelation (Apocalypse) 20:10: “and the diabolic who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” _Correct

Revelation 12:9-10: 9) “And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10) And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God.“_Incorrect

Revelation 12:9-10: 9) “And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the diabolic and adversary, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10) And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God.“_Correct  [Satan is changed to its correct meaning, adversary]

1 Peter 5:8-9: 8) “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9) Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world.“_Incorrect

1 Peter 5:8-9: 8) “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the diabolic prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9) Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world.“_Correct

Luke 10:15: 18) 15) “And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell. 16) He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me. 17) And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name. 18) And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.”_Incorrect

Luke 10:15: 18) 15) “And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell. 16) He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me. 17) And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the diabolical are subject unto us through thy name. 18) And he said unto them, I beheld [the] adversary as lightning fall from heaven.”_Correct

One could use diabolical or diabolic in place of any of those other words, and mean the same thing. One can clearly see that from the different scripture above, and how it works with what satan actually means; adversary. Somewhere along the line, the Greek word, diábolos, was turned into devil, (some claim it to be a German translation), and not properly translated into the English word, diabolic or diabolical.

You’ll notice a bit of trickery in the words at 1 Peter 5:8-9: 8) “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. Here, they translate satan to adversary in Greek, because it will give the whole thing away if they didn’t. They did this throughout the New Testament. If it were written in Hebrew, it would have read: ” Your satan [adversary] the diabolic [liar] prowls around….”

In the instance of Luke 10:15-18, Jesus states that the city of Capernaum, and the people within it, thought themselves exalted to Heaven, but he would thrust them down to hell. After the seventy came back from the the different cities, they stated that the deceivers or the diabolical were subject to Jesus’ name. Jesus then stated that he had foresaw or beheld the adversary, (the people and the city), as lightning fall (plural) from Heaven. None of those verses was about a devil, anti-God, or fallen angel named Satan.

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