What is Gnosticism? It is defined as one who studies or has “knowledge, especially esoteric mystical knowledge”.
Jesus of the Nazarene, also known as Jesus Christ, a Jew, was gnostic, which means that he was educated in Judaic esoteric mystical knowledge. He had learned the ancient religious knowledge of Judaism, from the Nazarene sect, where he grew up. The Nazerenes were similar, in a few ways, to the Essene sect. Jesus supposedly taught this deeper religious knowledge to Thomas. Jesus was also most likely educated in the ancient religion of the Canaanites, the Babylonians, the Akkadians, the Sumerians, and the Egyptians. His education in Judaism, from the Nazarene, would surely include Kabbalah, that supposedly dates to Eden, according to the Sefer Raziel HaMalakh. Kabbalah is studied by Rabbinical Judaism.
The early Roman church took exception to the Gnostic works, because they disproved much of the tale that they had voted on, at the first Council of Nicaea, to feed to the congregation. They argued on including the Gospel of Thomas, after this, but it was stopped by those like Athanasius of Alexandria. Athanasius was responsible for the trinity, denying Jesus’ siblings, the first burning of Holy books, and the first exiles and murders of those who held the books that he condemned. Luckily, some were hidden away, and they turned up in 1945. They are known as the Nag Hammadi Library.
Probably, one of the most important books, is the Gospel of Thomas, which is not really a gospel, but a collection of parables, supposedly spoken by Jesus. Orthodoxy tried to deny this book, and claim it was a forgery from the 2nd or 3rd century AD, however: “Scholars currently involved in Thomas studies now largely reject that view, though such arguments will still be heard from orthodox apologists and are encountered in some of the earlier publications about Thomas”(1). Accordingly, what is written in this gospel matches some of what is alluded to in the Gospel of John.
Last, the Kabbalah, and it’s book known as the Zohar, which means the book of light, contains much that matches the gnostic gospels, and that of other ancient religions, such as Hinduism, and early Buddhism. The Zohar is a large work, written in Hebrew, and is contained in twenty three volumes, though it has been translated into a five volume English set. In its Hebrew form, many have studied it, and have written condensed books on the subject, such as The Zohar: Bereshith to Lekh Lekha, by Nurho de Manhar, 1900–1914. This is a very important book, about what is hidden away in the Torah, especially Genesis. One will find that the Torah, the first five books of the Tanakh, the Old Testament, are all allegory, written after the 12th Jewish king, Ahab, and his son and predecessor, who reigned from 740-717 BC, to hide their early practice of polytheism. Genesis is believed to be written somewhere around 597 to 539 BC, during their time at Babylon, about 250 years later. The Zohar shines light on this, and says that the first three words of Genesis are translated incorrectly, and that they mean that in the beginning, God, the creator, created another God, who then created man. That explains the Jews use of the Elohim, which is generally plural, as the God(s) in Genesis, in the Garden of Eden. What the Torah says, and what it actually means, are entirely two different things. The true meaning is hidden behind a veil, in allegory. The Zohar is similar.
It is theorized that the Jews, while in captivity at Babylon, heard the Babylonian tales of creation, which originated from the Akkadians, and theirs from the earlier Sumerians. This original story gives two major Gods, Enki and Enlil (El of the Elohim, and Elil of the Canaanites), and their sister, the Goddess Ninhursag. Enki, and his sister, Ninhursag, supposedly created man, from another Gods blood, and the clay of the earth, which scholars say was something already here, and made seven breeding pairs, at Enlil’s order, to be used to dredge the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers. However, Enlil later exiled the new humans from Edin (Eden), for being educated by Enki. Later, Enlil sent the plagues and the flood. Enki finally steps in, before the flood, and has Atrahasis to build an ark, which saves humanity, to Enlil’s fury and consternation. The Torah combines these two Gods throughout it, and thus, God always seems to contradict himself.
- Gospel of Thomas, Gnostic Society Library